Cutter

Abstract

Claims

Sept? 25 v 1923' o. F. COOPER CUTTER Filed Deq. 2, 1922 I s sheets-sheet 1 2 7 0- Eni ma WITNESSES O. F. COOPER CUTTER Sept. 25, 1923. 1,469,153- Filed Dec.. 2. 1922 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 WITNESSES ATTORNEY INVENTOR Sept. 25,1923." . O. F. COOPER CUTTER 1922 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed bec. ATTORNEY WITNESSE Patented Sept 25, 1923a r Y sat-see crates OAKLEY FLOYD coarse, or mean, onto. CUTTER. i Application filed December 2; ices. Serial No. 504,556. 7 T all mm at aim-gammi portion of the rece'ptacle and will, herein- Be it known that 1,. OAK EY FL YD after for convenience, be so' referred to. Cootnn, a citizen of the United *States, Journaled in s itabie openings in the sides residing at Logan, inthe county of Hocking 0f the receptacle, at a determined distance 5 andfjtate of Ohio, have invented new and from the closed rear end 8'there0f there is LlSQfLll-IIHPIOVBIHGQBS in Cutters, of which a 'Shfiftf5. The shaft projects through'the the following is" a specification. v, sides of the receptacle and has secured on I An object of this invention is to produce One end thereof a'belt" wheel 6 designed for machine for cutting lard into blocks of use when the machine is operated'bypower. 1O desired sizes andv which may be also success On the said end of the shaft there is a crank f ll loyed for cutting butter into handle 7 whereby the machine may bemanublocks, Ineat into strips, etc. v ally operated. ()nthe opposite end'of the -further object is to produce a machine Shaft there isffixed a comparatively large for this purpose in which the feeding slit; toothed wheel 8 which is in mesh" with 'a 15 tin and cutting mechanism are arranged slrialler'and wider'toothed Wheel 9. The in timed operation whereby blocks or strips shaft 10 for the toothed Wheel 9 is'journaled of determined sizes of lard or the like may in bearings 11 supported on lugs 12 secured b btain d, p l tothe bottom at the side of the receptace "A further object is to produce ainachn'e 1- n he Shaft 10 there is keyed or other-' 20 for this purpose which shall becharacteriswise secured a ribbed roller'13 whose upper tie of simplicity in construction, coupled surface is received through an openingld in with ejase and accuracy in'operatign, the 19013130111 15 Of the receptacle. The $111- To the attainment'ofthe foregoing and face of the ribbed roller received through other objects which will present themselves the opening 14 isdisposed only a Slig t dis- 25 as the nature of the invention is better 1121- 1651199 above. inner Surface of thgbottom 'derstood, reference isto be'had to the drawwall 15 of the receptacle. Journalsd in so ings which accompany and which form part bearing -openings in the sides of the recepof thi a pli ation, g taclel, in a line wlth the 'angularly related In the drawings I shafts 5 and 10 there is a shaft 16 having 30 I Figural is a side elevation of the" inikeyed 'on'o-ne of its ends a toothed wheelrl7. Jrovement'. f i Z The shaft 16 is preferably reniovably-jour- Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof." r na led in its bearings and has renio vably and Figure 3 is a sectional view on theline preferably adjustably secured thereonany 33 of Figure 2. desired number of equi-distantly spaced disk 35 Figure 4 is a sectional view on the line cutters 18. The lower edge of each of the V 4 of F igure. '1'. cutters 18 are received in grooves 19 Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line arranged longitudinally in the floor .15" of 55 of Figure 1. i i the receptacle. Between the toothed'wheels Figure 6 is a sectional view on the 9 and 17 there are meshing idlers 2O respec- 40 66 of Figure 2. i I f tivelyyone of which engaging the teeth of As disclosed by the drawings 1 make use the wheel 9 and the other the teeth of the of a substantially rectangular receptacle 1. wheel 17. The purpose of this'arrangernent The receptacle is constructed of material will pr'e'sent fy be apparent. best suited for the purpose designed and has The sides of'the receptacle, at a suitable its top, at a suitable distance froni its end distance above but in a line with the shaft 9 2 open. "The sides of the receptacle are have alining arcuate slots 21 therethrough in rounded downwardly to the end 2. Thus each of which there. is received a bearing for the end 2 is materially less height than a shaft 23,' and each 6f said bearings is inthe opposite end 1 of the receptacle, and the fiuenccd by a spring 24, whereby'the shaft 50 opening provided in the receptacle is closed normally forced downwardly or toby a hinged door 4 shaped to snugly'engage ward the shaft 10. I ()n'the shaft 23 there is he upper edges of thesides and the end 3 l-icyed a peripherally ribbed roller 25 de of the said receptacle. The opening closed signed for cooperationwith theroller 13. It by the door't provides the inlet or mouth is between these rollers that the lard fed through the mouth of the receptacle passes and is forced against the disk cutters. 18 so that the same is cut longitudinally. a On the shaft 5 there is loosely journaled a hollow shaft or tube 26 which has its ends extending through the bearing opens ings in the sides of the receptacle for the said shaft 5. Fixed on the ends of the sleeve 26there are cam wheels 27, and on the outer face of one of the cam wheels there is a toothed wheel 28 in mesh with one of a pair of toothed idlers 29, the second idler being in mesh with the toothed wheel 17. Also on the sleeve or hollow shaft 26 there is a larger toothed wheel 30 in mesh with one of a train of idlers 31 respectively having stub shafts, similar to the other idlers projecting from one side of the receptacle 1. One of the end idlers is in mesh with apinion 32 keyed on one end of the shaft 23. Arranged for vertical reciprocatory movement in the casing 1 there is a transversly disposed knife 33 disposed in a line with an opening 34 in the bottom 15 of the casing, and this opening is surrounded by a trough 35 in which the cut lard is received. On the bottom 15 there is secured an adjustable stop 36 designed for contact by the lard, slitted by the rotary knives or disks 18 to hold the lard in a position tov be out by the knife 33. The knife 33 is secured in a head block 37, the said block having lugs 38 that project through vertithe sides of the receptacle. cal opening 39in 7 passed therethrough rods These lugs have V 40, each of said rods being received through a guide 41 on the outer side of thereceptacle and surrounding each rod 40 and exerting a tension between the guide 41 and the lug 38there is a helical spring 42. The spring is designed to force a roller 43 journaled on the lower angle end 44 of each rod 40 into contacting engagement with the peripheryof the cam wheels 27. Below the mouth, at the front, of the receptacle there are secured to the sides thereof blocks 45 which have their upper and downwardly inclined edges provided with spaced curved depressions forming bearings for trunnions on the ends of rollers 46-. The lard is fed directly on to the rollers 46 and from thence between the ribbed wheels 25 and 13. The lard is delivered on to the slitting disk cutters against the stop 36, the knife 33 being in elevated position when the lard is thus fed. \Vhen the cam wheels pass off of the elevated portions of the cam wheels the springs will force the knives downwardly to position illustrated in Figure 3 of the drawings, so that the lard is I 7 cut into blocks and falls into the trough 35. Becauseof the difi'erentsized toothed wheels and the idlers employed, one revolution of the wheel 8 causes the ribbed roll-' knife is held elevate means, and it is, of course, to be understood that idlers of different sizes than those dis" ers 13 to make five revolutions and the disk carrying shaft ten revolutions. The second ribbed roller 25 is caused to make five revolutions to every revolution of the wheel 8. The disk knives, by such arrangement run twice asv fast asthe rollers and the knife will be raised and lowered at every half revolution of said wheels. By employing different sized rollers and by adjusting the disk cutters with respect to each other, as well as adjusting the stop 36, varying lengths of slitted lard may be cut, and also by' employing different shaped cams the timed raising and lowering of the knife may be regulated. It is thought that the tion, when taken in connection with the foregoing descripdrawings will fully set forth the construction, operation and advantages of the im-- provement to those skilled in the 'art to which such inventions relate, but it is to be understood that the nature of the invention is such as to render the same susceptible to such changes and, modifications as fall within the scope of what is claimed. When the device is employed for cutting meat into thin" stri s, the reciprocatory by bl la c n closed by the drawings may beiemployed for cutting the lard into chunks. The desirable sizes of these chunks or blocks, being one and one-fourth inches, one and one half inches, length. 7 Also the rollers that feed the. lard or meat to the rotary and reoiprocatory cutters may be revolved by power, when the machine is so driven or maybe hitched to one of the rotary parts of .the'device'and thus revolved when the machine is manually operated. Having I claim I g 1. Ina device for the purpose set forth, a casing having an inlet mouth, upper and lower longitudinally ribbed rollers journaled in the casing adjacent the mouth, means for adjusting the rollers with respect to each other, disk cutters ar ranged transversely in. the casing to one side of the. rollers, means for imparting timed rotary motion to the rollers and to the disk cutters, a vertically movable cutter in the casing spaced from the disk cutters, spring means influencing the cutter to cutting position, and means operated by the actuating means for the rollers and disk cutters for elevating the knife. described the invention, means influencing the bearings of one of the rollers, ad usting means for the bearings and one and three-fourths inches in 1% of the other roller whereby the rollers may be sustainedvadjusted with respect to each other, disk cutters arranged transversely in the casing adjacent to the lower roller, said casing having a flanged outlet spaced from the disk cutters, a vertically movable knife arranged transversely in the casing over the outlet therefor, spring means influencing the knife downwardly to cutting position, cam 7 means for raising the knife to non-cutting 1 position, and means for turning the rollers and disk cutters and raising the knives in timed relation to each other. In testimony whereof I afiix my signa ture; V OAKLEY FLOYD COOPER.

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