Apparatus for compressing sugar or the like

Abstract

Claims

Sept. ,18 1923. 1,468,242 A. LETORT ET AL APPARATUS FOR coMPREssING SUGAR on THE LIKE s Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 13 1921 fm rjemfors: - lleforl d L. C/I-qmb0n 3 Sept. 18,1923. 1,468,242,, A. LETORT ET AL I API'fARATUS FOR COMPRESSING SUGAR OR THE LIKE Filed Sept. 13 1921 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 ['nrenfari; Sept. A. LETORT ET AL APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSING SUGAR OR THE LIKE Filed Sept. 13. 1921 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 sm-lee se t. 18,. 1923. o 5 ii ALrnEnLnron'r nnn riours onnranon, oe-"PARrs, relation; i 7 I APPARATUS ron'flooiaranss rns s GAR; on-rnn-nrxnf eoApplication-filed swea er-13. 19 1. Serial nmsoosvai 7 To; all whom it mag concern: oi France, and residing at Paris, 123 Boule vard de la Gare, France, have invented an- Apparatus for Compressing Sugar or the like, of which the cation. e The present invention has for its object a. machine for compressing sugar, manu factured in mass, for conversion into lumps following is a specifiof definite weight and size, the machine being adapted to arrange the lumps in order on plates for'conveyance to a drying stove. It is constituted primarily by the combination, about a rotatable table pierced by socket molds of four devices serving for filing, for pressing, for' evacuation of finished lumps, and for cleaning the pressing pistons. Further, the machine carries means for regulating the capacity of the molds, and the travel of the pressing pistons to the desired height during rotation of the table. The invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are given as an eXample-andin which: Fig. 1 is an eleva'tionof the machine. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same machine. Fig. 3 is a'view in cross section, made by a plane perpendicular to that of Fig. 1 and drawn to an enlarged scale. V Y Fig. 4 is a detail view of the compression regulating mechanism Fig. 5 is adetail. view of the mechanism for the rotatable table 1. control The machine comprises a circulartable' 1 provided with a number of pockets 2 (eight in number inthe example repre- V sented), whose section corresponds with that of the lumps that it is desired to obtain. In each pocket a piston 3 is arranged to reciprocate with slight friction, the piston being connected byf rods Land cross head 5 to two rollers 6 arranged one on each side of the cross-head and adapted to roll in cams which .impart to them'vertical movements. The table 1 isrigidly connected to. driving gear 8 by means ofa hub 9, the. gear being of the kind adapted to. impart. tofthe table an intermittent rotary movement This device comprises a plate'S'furnished with slots (Fig. 5) for v engagementgwith rollers 46 mounted on. the control spindle 47. This spindle t? receives its motion from stopped during the ,varies, by increasing or diminishing, ,ing to circumstances, the volun e'of the llVhile a H e mbtoris'bymens oft-edited sheen-49,56 Be it known that we, ALFPED LE'roR'r and. LOUIS OH'AMBom-citiZ'ens of the Republic and 51'. Spindle 47 is rotated continuously 'wh lch engagement of one-of the rollers 46 causes the-plate Stomake one-eighth of a revolution, Movemen't of "this .plate' is g 7 time that the roller-is disengaged from the slot of plate 8. The plate .8 is then held stationary' in position 7 cam 52 and the lever 53 6. it being blocked by one extremity of which, carries a 'rollerf54 contacting with the cam and the other e21 tremity ofwhichhas afinger 5 5 which engages in oneof theslots 45. 5 2 maintains thefholdingfinger 55 out of contact with the plate 18. But when the linger46 is removed from theslot of plate- 8 the holding finger 55 stops all movement of the plate by entering one of the slots 45. In this manner intermittent motion of table 1 is obtained. .j v a The inner rollers T-carrie'd by the crossmember 5ofthe rod 4: of the pressure piston engage in a circular'cam way formed'between the twocam parts 10 and 10 fixed respectively onthe nave ,memberstll and 12 1 which are arranged so asnot to turn about their coinndon axis. The nave 12 can, however, slide vertically" i v i is controlled by hand, for instance by means of thehand lever 14:. ity in weight of the lumps, as thedensity 'ac'cord-' mass introduced intothe-pockets 2.-- V v r The manufactured mass is distributedby means of a hopper 15 disposed at the rearfof v the machine and immediately above the J table 1. Qlnthe'interioir of the hopper are .nrounte d two inclined kneading 'devices'16, lT-Which receive a continuousrotary movement and turn in opposite directions, they are arranged in such a way that the inclination of their blades forcesthe sugar ina ,manne'r tofill v g V the table 1 as each ofthempresents itself 1o5 7 successivelythe pockets 2 "of below the hopper l5. lowered position manufactured'niass admitted to thefpoclz'et, I , v When the] member ttisin one ofthe slots 45 the cam .70 with respect to nave i .ll,by means ofa rotary displacement of the screw '13 which 7 pocket being filled with the I manufacturedmass the piston} 3" of that ofthecam 10, 10: Itis this i which quantity can be-regulated,=ashas been mentioned above, byraising or lowering the nave 12, which slides on nave 11 and constitutes the support-forthe part 1Q; of'the cam. The immovable. This cam positions the wheels 7. at an. invariable height in frontof the compressing means which insures manufactured lumps of'a' uniform thickness. For effecting the compression. of the manufactured mass as soon as it has been introduced into a pocket, the machine is provided'with the parts mentioned below. A filled pocket, in consequence of the displacement ofithetable 1 comes into a position immediately below a compressing cushion 18 which closes it completely by being superposed. Moreover, below the piston rods & and the cross-head 5 is disposed an arrangementpof bent levers 19, controlled by a connecting rod20 operated by means of a roller leverfllandflcam mechanism This control system-v imparts to piston 3' a vertical movement thereby compressing the. sugar infthe pocket. between the piston and. the cushion 18.; V For effecting the discharge of the lumps after beingcompressed as described, the machine. comprises the following means. The lump;compressed'in a pocket moves into the receiving position by reason of the movement of'table 1.. When it is in. this position, the outer roller Gbfecorhes engaged in a groove-.,formed.in the lever 23, controlled by a system. of cams and the lump receives avertica-lirising movement so that itslower face. assumes a, position .at a level slightly aboye. thatrof ;an auxiliary conveying table The lump; is then pushed fontothis table by; a;blade- 25f controlled by a system of cams and by means of intermediate connecting rods andlevers- 26, 27, which are capable of parallel motion and cause the'blade 25 to slide the lump. during the displacement of the-latter; v The. table 24: has the form of a regular polygon whose-sides correspondin number withthenumberof pockets ontable 1,, that is to say .eightinQthe illustrated example. It receives. an.. intermittent rotary motion, whichis communicated .to it by the wheel 2%, .for. the purpose, of moving the lump from the POSli'JlOIlrLL to. the position, b opposite: and. immediately above the conveyor plates. When the lump. has arrivedin the position b.:a blade 28, controlled by the ,samesystem of. cams as .thi'e blade 25 above referred to, pushesthe lump, on the, conveyor, plates hich are carried alongby an endless. chain 29 actuateduwithia continuous movement. The chain is provided with claws or abuth n e d of the maeh e ih isn other part10 of'thecam is supported by the have 11'' which is fixed and remains lightly'in contact with the face of ,plying sugar to the for forming ments, 30 which 1 impelag the plates against which are distributed"thelumpsL, and is controlled by the drums31, 32-at the left and above drum 31, is arranged a magaz1ne83 serving forthe distribution ofithe plates 34. This magazine comprises four: vertical uprights 35 between which are piled the plates. or lug on the endless'ch'ain which is 'pra The 5 lowest plate in the pileis dragged by a claw sented to, it opposite theleft'hand portion of; he pile, The upper plates-remain between the set of uprights,thelower part of whi h the passage has the clearance necessaryfo'r of one single plate at a time.v When this plate has been'removed the plate immedi V ately above it takes its place, and the mega Zine automatically empties under gravitational action. The plates, as they arrive loaded with lumps L' atthe right hand end of the machine (Fig. 2), are lifted by hand. To ensure the cleaning of the pistonsof the pockets, these pass in succession, be- tween the lump discharging positi-on and the pocket posit-ion, opposite: a cleaning device arranged as follows. In the position definedabove, brought level' with the surface of table 1 the piston is and its upper part is. then swept by the cleansing arms 36, 37, which' are furnished with'rubber or other strips which'scrape the top end'of the" pistons, thearms receiving a continuous rotary movement: The arms are, moreover, adjustable means of a screw device so as to apply to the tops of the pistons pressure sufiicient'to ensure perfect cleansing. vertically by p During the rotary movement the rubber or other" strips-pass overa spongy cylinder adaptedto keep them I moist; The syrup engendered during-the washing operation is collected and evacuated from the pan 381 L It will be seen that the four operations r (a) The fillinggof the pgckets'; (b) v The compression ofthe lumps; (cflhe. discharge and delivery ofthe mp (cl) The washing of the piston heads; are effected simultaneously pockets at a time, the pocketsb'eingdisposed at. toone another- Having now particularly described: and ascertained the nature ofour said-invention for fo'urdifferent and in. what manner the same is to beperformed; we declare that"whatxwe claim is 1. A machine for compressing sugar-man ufacturedin mass, comprising arr-intermittently rotatablel' table," a plurality "of molds spacedJQO p in combination with filling; means for sup the above four said "from one another on )th table, molds, pressingvmeans forplacing finished lumps and cleaning means for" means operating simultaneously, certain of said means being controlled by an'annular two-piece cam, one of which pieces is fixed; with respect to the frame. or" the machine, while the other is movable vertically, by the i operator of the. machine, the movable part being carried by a sleeve slidable on a post whiclisupports it, a manually actuated screw, means for actuating the sleeve," and screw threads on the sleeve for co-operating evacuating means for placing finished lumps upon a conveyor, and cleaning means for the pressing means, the above four said means operating simultaneously, the evacuating means being controlled ,by a lever actuated by a cam mounted on the same member as the controlling means for the pressing means, and carrying a slot at itseX- tremity receiving actuating mechanism for the pressing means; 3. A machine for pressing sugar manufactured in mass, comprising an intermit tently rotatable table, a plurality of molds spaced 90 from one another'on the table, in combination with filling means for supplying sugar to the molds, pressing means for forming lumps of regulable dimension, evacuating means for placing finished lumps upon a conveyor, and cleaning means for the pressing means, the above four said means 7 operating simultaneously, the evacuating means comprising an auxiliary, intermittently movable, octagonal table, a paddle for pushing finished lumps onto the table, a conveyor having conveyor means, and a second paddle for pushing the: finished lumps ontothe conveyor means. I 4. A machine for pressing :sugar manufactured: infmass, comprising an: intermitin combination with filling means for supplying sugar to the molds, pressing means for forming. lumps of regulable dimension, evacuating means for placing finished jrlumps upon a conveyor, andcleaning means for the pressing means; the above four said means operating simultaneously, the evacue f ating-means comprising a distributing box for transporter plates, plates in said box, and an, endless chain having means for grasping said plates. 5. A machine for pressing sugar manufactured in mass, comprisingan intermittently rotatable. table, a plurality-of. molds spaced 90 from one another on the table, in combination with filling means for sup plying sugar to the molds, pressing meansv for forming lumps of regulable dimension, evacuating means for plac ng finished lumps upon a conveyor, and cleaning means for the pressing means, the above foursaid means operating simultaneously, the cleaning means comprising rubber tipped arms for passing over the surfaces of the press- 7 the arms being 7 adgustably ing means, mounted. V In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in presence of two witnesses. ALFRED, .LEroRr; V LOUIS GHAMBON. " Witnesses: i Gnonens GHO'IIN, I , Jrmns FAYOLLET. :tently rotatable-table, a 'plurality-ofmolds spaced 90 from one-another ,on the table, j

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