Automobile door

Abstract

Claims

June 19, 1923. I J. U. CARTER AUTOMOBILE DOOR Filed Aug. 10 1920 3 ShetsSheet 1 E ASQZSi Jame 19, 1923. J. u. CARTER AUTOMOBILE DOOR N k Q has, 7/ - 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. June 19, 1923. 1,459,281 J. u. CARTER AUTOMQBILE DOOR File d Aug. 10 1920 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented June 19, 1923. UNHLTEE fiTATEfi resenti- JACOB UTLEY CARTER, OF CARDSTON, ALBERTA, CANADA. AUTOMOBILE DOOR. Application filed August 10, 1920. Serial No. 402,720; T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JACOB U. CARTER, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Cardston, Alberta, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automobile Doors, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein tothe accompanying drawing. My invention relates to new and useful improvements in automobile doors, and more particularly to a lock and releasing mechanism therefor. The invention has for its principal object the provision of a door lock which may be operated from the drivers seat or by the person desiring to leave or enter the automobile. A further object consists in the provision of means whereby the door will be slightly opened when the lock is released. Another object consists in the provision of means whereby the door will be automatically returned to closed position, and means for holding the door in open position when desired. With the above and other objects in view, ,my invention consists in the novel details of construction and arrangement of parts which will be more clearly understood from the following specification and drawings, and while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that such changes may be made as will fall within the scope of the appended claims. In the drawings: Figure 1 is a fragmental side elevation with parts broken away. Figure 1 is a horizontal section through the operating rod, showing the hand hold in Iplan igure 1 is a section through the instrument board and hand hole, showing the operating rod in elevation. Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmental side elevation with the covering plates removed. Figure 3 is a longitudinal section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2. Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmental side elevation showing that side of the body opposite to that illustrated in Fig. 2. Figure 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Figure 2. , adjacent the hinged edge of the door. Figure 2. Figure 7 is a horizontal section showing the door-engaging plunger. The automobile body is indicated at 1 and a door 2 is hinged thereto 'at 3. While any desired form of hinge may be-used, in the present instance I have illustrated the hinge in the form of an eye portion 1, secured to the edge of the door, and receiving in the eye a roller 5 secured within a recess formed in the body. Preferably two hinges will be used for connecting each door to the body. 1 A recess 6 is formed in the body and ex tends from the edge of the door opening, A rod 7 is received in the recess 6 and has its inner end secured to the body in any desired manner.- Slidable on the rod 7 is a plunger 8 having a recess 9 receiving the end of the rod. The outer end of the plunger is formed with a lip or projection 10 and a coil spring 11 surrounds the rod? between the recessed end of the plunger and the inner end of the recess 6. Secured t0 the outer face'of the door 2, in a depression formed for the reception thereof, is a plate 12, the outer end of which extends'beyond the edge of the door 2 and engagesthe end of the plunger 8 with the lip or projection 10 of the plunger engaging the under surface thereof. A rod 13 is formed on the inner end of the plate 12, is received in groove formed in the face of the door, and extends beyond the edge of the door. An enlargement 14 is formed on the end of the rod 13 and is provided with an eye 15 adapted to pass through an, opening 16 formed in the body adjacent the edge of the door. The body is cut away as shown at 17, adjacent the door opening, to receive a lever 18 pivoted at 19. At the upper end the lever 18 is secured to the plunger 8 by a screw or other suitable fastening means. A. perforation 21 is formed adjacent the lower end of the lever to receive a cord or wire 22 which passes around a pulley 23 and then upwardly over pulleys 24 and secured to a rod 25 which extends through the instrument board of the automobile. A hand hold 26 is secured to one end of the rod and a nut 27 is secured to the opposite end, a coil spring 28 surrounding the rod between the nut and face of the instrument board. Notches 29 are formed on opposite sides of the opening in the instrument boards through which the rod 25 passes, to receive oppositely disposed projections 30 formed on the rod. The purpose of these projections 30 in conjunction with the notches 29, will be later described. The recess 6 and cutaway portion 7, in the body, with the parts therein, will be covered by a plate shown at 3]. and the plate 12 and rod 13 will be covered by a plate 32 having an enlargement 33 on the end extending beyond the edge of the door, and overlying the ad jacent edge of the body. Vertically extending recesses 34 and 35 are formed in the b0(. y, adjacent the free edge of the door, from the upper edge of the body. A sliding bolt 36 is received in the recess 34, has a right-angle extension 37 on the lower end, and an elongated slot 38 intermediate the ends. A pin 39 is secured in the recess 34 and extends through the slot 38 for limiting the movement of the sliding bolt. Secured to the right-angle extension 37 is a plate 40 having perforations 41 and 42 formed adjacent the upper and lowerv edges, respectively. The purpose of this plate with the perforations will be later described. Vertically spaced eyes 43 are secured in the recess 34 and form a guide for a plunger rod 44 having an enlarged head 45 on the upper end. v A collar 46 is formed on the rod 44 and the under face thereof is adapted to be engaged by the upper end of a coil spring 47, the lower end of which e n gages the top ofthe lower guide eye 43. The lower end of the rod '44 is adapted to overlie the right-angle projection 37 of the slide bolt 36. A lever 48 pivotally connected at49, to the space 50 between the vertical recesses 34 and 35, and one end of this lever is connected to the plate 40, of the sliding ball 36, by means of a rod 51 which is hook-shaped at each end. The upper hooked end passe through an opening adjacent the end of the lever and the lower hooked end engages through the perforation 41 in the p'late40. rounds this rod between the collar and uppermost eye 54. The lower end of the sliding rod is adapted to pass through the eye 15, formed on the end of the rod 13, when said eye 15 is passed through the opening 16 in the automobile body. The lever48 is ing rod is raised the spring will force the eye through the opening 16 and thereby slightly open the door. The right angle ex tension 60 will hold the rod 55 raised when the door is opened, thereby allowing the *eye to pass beneath the end of the rod when closing. With the above detailed description in mind it is thought that the advantages and operation of my improvements will be clearly understood Although I have only illustrated the invention as applied to a single door or the automobile, it will be understood that it is applicable to all four doors and any one ol the doors may be operated by the driver or the individual doors may be operated by the persons entering or leaving the automobile threugh that particular door. It will be understood that when all four doors are equipped with my improvements there will necessarily be *four of the operating rods 25, with their associated parts, and tlese may be arranged on the instrument board in easy reach at the driver. When an individual desires to operate a particular door for entering or alighting they will press upon the head on the plunger rod 44 which will be lowered and place the spring 47 under compression and at the same time the end oi 'the rod will engage the right angle extension 3? of the sliding'bolt 36 and lower the The movem nt of the sliding bolt 36 through the lever 48 and connecting rod 51 will raise the sliding rod 55, against the action oi": the spring 57, and disengage the end of the rod 55 tronrtl1e eye 15 carried by the door rod 13. 'l l hen thus disengaged the door may be readily opened and in opening will torce'theplunger 8 rearwardly against the action of the coiled spring 11. ll hen the door is released the coil spring 11, with the "plunger 8, will. automatically close the door. Tt'the door is opened to such an extent that it will be slightly beyond right angle the plunger 8 and spring 11 will hold the door in open position. When the door is to be opened'by the driver he will grasp the hand hold26 of the rod-25 and pullthe same towards him. This will pull upon the cords or wires 22 and 53 which freely slide over the various pulleys. The wire or cord 22 will-operate the lever 18 to "force the plunger 8 back against the action of the spring 1 1' andthis will relieve pressure on the ='hinged e'dge of the door so that the door may be easily swung open. Pulling upon the cord or wire 52' will lower the sliding bolt 36 which in turn will operate the lever 48 to operate the sliding rod 55 to .release-the door. If the driver desires to retain the parts in unlocked position he will turn the rod 25 so that the projections 30 will be out of alignment with the notches 29 and they will therefore engage against the face of the instrument board to hold the rod in its pulled out posi tion. In practice, the cord or wire 22 will be of such a length, with respect to the cord or wire 52, that the lever 18 will be operated slightly in advance of the sliding plunger 36. As previously stated, the fiat spring 59 will slightly open the door when the sliding bolt 55 is raised and disengaged from the eye 15. The opening is accomplished by the spring 59 bearing on the eye 15. Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1 1. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a lock for securing the door, means adjacent the door for releasing the lock, means for releasing the lock from a distant point, and means for holding the lock in released position. 2. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a lock for securing the door, means adjacent the door for releasing the lock to open the door, means for releasing the lock from a distant point, and means for automatically closing the door. 3. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the door, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the eye, a sliding bolt carried by the body, means connecting the sliding bolt and sliding rod, and means for operating the sliding bolt for disengaging the sliding rod from the eye. 4. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the door, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the eye, a. sliding bolt carried by the body, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding bolt andsliding rod, and means for operating the sliding bolt for disengaging the sliding rod from the e e. 5. n combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the door, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the eye, a sliding bolt carried by the body, means connecting the sliding bolt and sliding rod, and a spring-pressed sliding rod for operating the sliding bolt tor disengaging the firstmentioned. sliding rod from the eye. 6. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the door, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the eye, a sliding bolt carriedby the body and having a right angle extension thereon, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding rod and bolt, and as'pring-pressed sliding rod adapted to engage the right angle extension on the sliding bolt for operating and releasing the first mentioned sliding rod from the eye on the door. 7 7 In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a slidingrod carried by the body and adapted to engage the door, a sliding bolt carried by the body, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding rod and sliding bolt, and means adjacent the door foroperating the sliding bolt from a distant point. 8. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the door, a sliding bolt carried by. the body, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding rod and sliding bolt, a sliding rod adjacent the door for operating the sliding bolt, and meansconnected to the sliding bolt for operating the same from a distant point. 9., In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to engage the door, a sliding bolt carried by the body and provided with a right angle ex tension, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding rod and sliding bolt, a spring-pressed rod adjacent the door for engaging the right angle extension for operating the bolt to release the first mentioned rod from the door, and means connected to the right angle extension for operating the bolt from a distant point. 10. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, means for automatically closing the door, said means comprising a spring-pressed sliding plunger adapted to engage the hinged edge of the door and close the same by an outward movement of the plunger. 11. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a springpressed plunger carried in a recess formed in the body and adapted to normally engage the hinged edge of the door, and meansforsliding the plunger to remove pressure from the door. 12. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, a spring pressed plunger carried in a recess formed in the body and adapted to normally engage a pressed plunger .carried :in a recess formed in the body and adapted to engage the end of the plate secured to the door, and means for operating the plunger to relieve pressure i rom the end of the plate. 14c. In combination :With an automobile .body having a door hinged thereto,a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted .to engage the door, a sliding bolt carried by the body, a pivoted lever connecting the sliding rod and sliding bolt, a spring-pressed sliding plunger carried by the body and adapted to engage the hinged edge of the .door, and =means fo1' simultaneously operating the sliding bolt to release the sliding rod from the door, and sliding plunger for releasing pressure from the edge of :the \door. 15. In combination With an automobile body having a door hinged-thereto, an eye secured to the .door, aisliding rod carried .by the body and adapted to be engaged in the eye, means for releasing the sliding rod from the eye,-and a spring normally engaging the eye to open the door upon'the release of the sliding rod. 16. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the door, a sliding rod carried by the body and adapted to be engaged in the eye, means for releasing the sliding rod-from the eye, and QaQsprin-g provided ith'a rig-ht angle extension normally engaging the eye toopen the door upon the release ,Of the slid.- ing rod, said {right angle extension engaging beneath the endof the sliding rod when the door-is opened. o 17. In combination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured'to the door, sliding rod [carried by the body and adapted to be engaged by the eye, means tor releasing the sliding rod from the eye, and means ,engageable beneath the sliding :rod for holding the same in raised position. v r 18. In vcombination with an automobile body having a door hinged thereto, an eye secured to the idoorya Sliding rod carried by the bodyand adapted to be engaged by the eye, means for releasing the sliding rod irom the eye, and means normally engaged

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Cited By (1)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-3427060-AFebruary 11, 1969Emil Pennell, Eileen PennellRemote control device for motor vehicle door locks